Each tooth consists of the crown above the gum line, and the root below the gum line. The main parts of a tooth include the enamel, dentin, pulp and cementum.
-Enamel is a hard mineral covering the surface of the crown. It protects the tooth.
-Dentin is the largest part of the tooth. Although not as hard as enamel, it provides additional protection to the tooth. It also supports the crown of the tooth.
-The pulp contains the nerve endings and blood vessels. If you eat something too hot or cold, or fall and hurt the tooth, it is the nerves in the pulp that hurt.
-The blood vessels feed the tooth to keep it alive and healthy.
-The cementum is the root part of the tooth connecting it to the jaw bone.
Brushing and flossing your teeth help to keep them clean and strong. Brushing cleans the surface and flossing cleans between teeth. Brushing and flossing removes food and plaque that can cause cavities and gum disease. Eating less sugary snacks and drinks, such as soda, can also help prevent tooth decay or cavities.